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Profile and History of Bangladesh

Bangladesh as a holiday making land exposes too many flamboyant facets. Its tourist attractions are many folded, which include archaeological sites, historical mosques and monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal people, wildlife of various species. Bangladesh offers ample opportunities to tourists for angling, water skiing, river cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting, sea bathing as well as bringing one in close touch with pristine nature..
Location and Physical Features
Bangladesh is situated in the north-eastern part of south Asia. It lies between 20' 34' and 2e 36' north latitude and 88' I' and 92' 41' east longitude. The heary and great Himalayas stand as the northern ramparts, while the southern frontier is guarded by the Bay of Bengal. On the west lies the expansive gang tic plains (West Bengal) of India and on the eastern frontier lay the almost impassable forest of Myanmar (Arakan Province) and India (Tripura and Assam hills). These picturesque geographical boundaries delineate out a low lying plain of about 144,000 sq. km. (55,598 sq. miles) crisscrossed by innumerable brooks, rivers, rivulets and streams. Mighty rivers the Padma, Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli and others flow through Bangladesh. The unshakable blue is stretched high above, and the green and silvery landscape below runs far and beyond. This is Bangladesh, a fertile land where nature is bounteous.

Bangladesh is a deltaic region. Much of the country's land area has been built up from alluvial deposits brought down by the major rivers. The land is mostly flat except for a range of hills in the south-east. Wooded marshy lands and jungles mainly characterize it with forest regions in Sylhet, Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban Hill Tracts, Sundarbans, Mymensingh and Tangail.
Brief History
The history of Bangladesh has been one of extremes, of turmoil and peace, prosperity and destitution. It has thrived under the glow of cultural spender and suffered under the ravages of war. The earliest mention of Bangladesh is found in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata (the story of Great Battle - 9th century B.C). Evidence also suggests that there was a strong Mongoloid presence as well. Soon after, in the 5th and 6th centuries B.C. came the Aryans from Central Asia and the Dravidians from Western India. Then the Guptas, Palas, Senas, who were Buddhist and Hindus.

From the 13th century A.D. the flood of Muslim invaders and the tide of Islam swamped the Buddhist and Hindus untold 8th century. Sometimes there were independent rulers like the Hussain Shahi and Ilyas Shahi dynasties while at other times they ruled on behalf of the imperial seat of Delhi . From 15th century the Europeans, namely; Portuguese, Dutch, French and British traders exerted an economic influence over the region. British political rule over the region began in 1757 A.D. when the last Muslim ruler of Ben. Gal was defeated at Palassey. In 1947 the country was partitioned into India and Pakistan . Present Bangladesh becomes the Eastern Wing of the then Pakistan . But the movement for autonomy for East Pakistan started within a couple of years because of language and cultural difference and economic disparity between the two wings. The seeds of independence were sown through the Language Movement of 1952 to recognize Bangla as a state language. Ultimately the then East Pakistan emerged as a sovereign and independent state of Bangladesh in 1971 after nine month long war of Liberation (starting on 26 March 1971) in which 3 million people courted martyrdom.
At a Glance
  Official Name
The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
  Government
Parliamentary form of government. President is the head of the state, while the government elected by the people is headed by the Prime Minister
  Capital City
Dhaka
  Other Major Cities
Chittagong, Khulna, Barishal, Rajshahi, Sylhet
  Geographical Location
Latitude between 20° 34' and 26°38' North , Longitude between 88° 01' and 92°41' East
  Area
1,47,570 Squere Kilometer
  Boundaries
North : India (West Bengal and Meghalaya) , West : India (West Bengal) , East : India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar , South : Bay of Bengal
  Standard Time
+0600 Hrs GMT
  Climate Varitions
Winter : 11°C - 20°C (Dec-Feb) , Summer : 21°C - 34°C (April-June) ; Rainfall : 1100 mm to 3400 mm (June-Aug) ; Humidity : Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (Dec & Jan)
  Population
145 million
  Religion
Muslims : 86.6% , Hindus : 12.1% , Buddhists : 0.6% , Christians : 0.4% , and others : 0.3%
  Literacy Rate
60%
  Language
Bangla (National Language) , English is widely understood and spoken
  Wearing Apparel
Tropical in summer and light woolen in winter
  Currency
Taka having 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and 5, 2 and 1 in coins
  Electricity
220 volts AC in all cities and towns
  Principle River
Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsa, Madhumali, Gorai, Mahananda etc
  River Ports
Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Patuakhali, Baghabari, Serajganj, Narayangonj and Bhairab Bazar
  Sea Ports
Chittagong, Mongla
  Principle Industries
Garements, Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute, Textiles, Electric and Electronics, Medicine , Fishing
  Principle Exports
Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea , Leather and Leather Products, Jute and Jute Products, Ceramics
  Principle Imports
Rice, Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, oil, Cotton
  Working Hour's
Office Hours 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on Sunday - Thursday and closed on Friday, Saturday and public holiday
  Banking Hours
9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on Sunday - Thursday and closed on Friday, Saturday and public holidays
  Best Tourist Season
October to March
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